The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false.
Introduction This application for leave to appeal against the decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal concerns the nature and scope of the obligations of environmental authorities when they make decisions that may have a substantial detrimental impact on the environment.
It arises out of a decision by the Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment, Mpumalanga province the Departmentthe third respondent, to grant the Inama Family Trust the Trust 2 authority in terms of section 22 1 of the Environment Conservation Act, ECA 3 to construct a filling station on a property in White River, Mpumalanga the property.
Section 22 1 of ECA forbids any person from undertaking an activity that has been identified in terms of section 21 1 as one that may have a substantial detrimental impact on the environment without written authorisation by the competent authority.
The relevant authority has a discretion to grant or refuse such authorisation. In granting it, the relevant authority may impose such conditions as may be necessary to ensure the protection of the environment. Section 21 1 of ECA empowers the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism the Minister to identify activities which in his or her opinion may have a substantial detrimental effect on the environment.
However, the only ground that concerns us in this application is that the environmental authorities in Mpumalanga had not considered the socio-economic impact of constructing the proposed filling station, a matter which they were obliged to consider. In resisting the application on this ground the Department contended that need and desirability were considered by the local authority when it decided the rezoning application of the property for the purposes of constructing the proposed filling station.
Therefore it did not have to reassess these considerations. The High Court upheld the contention of the Department and dismissed the application.
So did the Supreme Court of Appeal. Hence this application for leave to appeal. For convenience they are referred to as the environmental authorities.
In addition, the scoping report contained an evaluation of the impact of the proposed filling station, identified certain areas of concern and proposed recommendations to address these concerns. As the proposed filling station is directly targeting traffic moving between White River, Hazyview and the Numbi Gate of the Kruger National Park, a specific location along the said route was identified.
Once the site was identified a feasibility study was done based on locating the filling station at the specific site. Once the feasibility of the filling station on the specific site was identified, and the availability of the property was confirmed, no other options were considered.
In the past this aquifer had been used to augment the water supply in White River. The report noted that the aquifer needed protection from pollution.
The report recommended that the water quality of the aquifer through the borehole should be tested bi-annually. It proposed that if the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry Water Affairs and Forestry required it, an impermeable layer should be installed in the base of the pit to ensure that no contaminants from the tanks reach the aquifer.
In addition, it recommended that a reconciliation programme should be in place to detect any leakage. These recommendations were made in the light of the Geo3 report.
The applicant, through its environmental consultants, Ecotechnik, objected to the construction of the proposed filling station on several grounds, one being that the quality of the water in the aquifer might be contaminated.
There was a further exchange of reports by the opposing consultants which dealt with the adequacy or otherwise of the proposed measures for the prevention of the contamination of the aquifer. And [that it] must be monitored as set out in the report and in accordance [with] all the relevant Regulations as set out by the Dept of Water Affairs and Forestry.
However, it subsequently transpired that the Water Quality Management and Water Utilization divisions of Water Affairs and Forestry had neither received nor commented on the Geo3 report. The application was considered in the first instance by Mr Hlatshwayo, the Deputy-Director in the Department.
On 9 January authorisation was granted over the objection of the applicant. A record of decision was issued, which contained the decision and conditions upon which authorisation was granted.Adapted from Brisbane Gateway Ports Area Strategy (Maunsell Pty LTD ).
Plans of Greater Commercial and Industrial Development As noted in section , the potential land development in the BGPA is a key element in the overall development of this economically strategic area.
Strategic planning relies on a number of methods and tools to define and interpret information for comparing alternatives. This chapter identifies selected planning methods according to four purposes: 1. Methods to clarify issues and problems. - All planning teams need creativity and analytical.
7. Dimension 3 DISCIPLINARY CORE IDEAS—EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES. E arth and space sciences (ESS) investigate processes that operate on Earth and also address its place in the solar system and the galaxy.
Thus ESS involve phenomena that range in scale from the unimaginably large to . Aesthetic(s) Concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty Oxford Dictionary Thesaurus May be both subjective and objective, see unit 2 page 8. Adaptation The process by which an asset might be changed to a new use to ensure its survival.
Such uses should be sympathetic to original use and pose no, or only minimum, threat to longevity by intensification of use. Introduction. This article discusses the emergence and significance of the concept of biodiversity and history of conservation biology.
It intends to describe how research on taxonomy, ecology, evolution, behavior and distribution of species, allied to concerns about habitat destruction and species extinction, led to the emergence of conservation biology.
Additional information on the Section process is available on the webpages of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation and the Missouri State Historic Preservation Office.. Fig. illustrates the steps that the LPAs should follow to comply with Section Step 1, Determine Need for Cultural Resource Investigations.