Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Political process All citizens over age 18 are obliged to register to vote and to participate in elections, however compulsory voting is not enforced and there are no sanctions in Guatemala. Broad guarantees are provided for the organization and functioning of political parties, except for the Communist Party and any other that is deemed to be dedicated to the overthrow of the democratic process. Only authorized political parties may nominate candidates for president, vice president, and Congress.
Guatemala was the center of a great and thriving Mayan civilization between AD and However, by the time the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century, the indigenous population had abandoned their great centers, dispersed into the central highlands, and organized themselves in ejidosa communal village-based landowning system engaged in subsistence agriculture.
After the Spanish conquest, Guatemala became the regional administrative seat and monopolized Central American trade with Spain.
Although Guatemala established itself as a separate republic inthe governmental system was weak. Essentially the country was governed by local elites, landowners and merchants operating a kind of feudal system, which minimized the role of the state except for the purpose of raising an army to control the Indian population and harness its labor for the development of commercial enterprises.
Arbenz, a military leader who was nonetheless drawn to the promises of Marxism, sought to transform Guatemala through a program of nationalist economic development and agrarian reform. He was overthrown in by a coup orchestrated by the U. From toa brutal civil war, pitting the Guatemalan army against a rural-based guerrilla insurgency, terrorized the country.
During this period, according to its own estimates, the army destroyed villages over a two-year period, and the violence moved into urban areas including the capital. All told, more thanpeasants were killed, 45, disappeared,were internally displaced, and anotherbecame refugees.
A Historical Clarification Commission accused the military of genocide in a 3,page report issued insaying most crimes were committed by the military. During a visit that year, U. During the late s, Guatemala experienced a transition to democracy of sorts.
Sincethere have been four "free and fair" elections for new civilian leaders. However, there were few substantive changes in political practice or social policy. The military remained the power behind the elected leader, and repression persisted well after the signing of a peace accord in December While he had won over two-thirds of the votes cast in the December run-off election, it was clear where his real support lay.
During the campaign, he had assured both the oligarchy and the military that he would not press for banking or land reforms and would stay clear of anything that would scare away foreign capital. Cerezo seemed committed solely to maintaining himself in office.
In JanuaryJorge Serrano became the second civilian elected president of Guatemala. His New Right coalition hoped to achieve modernization and long-term stability through neoliberal economic policies coupled with new approaches for diffusing social tensions.
But in MaySerrano had grown frustrated by his inability to enact his agenda. Following the example of President Alberto Fujimori in Peru, he tried to seize absolute power by suspending the Constitution, but was rebuffed by the military.
He then fled the country.Guatemala - Political background Guatemala was the center of a great and thriving Mayan civilization between AD and However, by the time the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century, the indigenous population had abandoned their great centers, dispersed into the central.
AP World History -- Unit 5 Flashcards. Primary tabs. View (active tab) Flashcards; Learn; Scatter; Printer Friendly. a single political party dominated the nationalist movement, but in Egypt a variety of rival parties proliferated Which of the following represented a new political concern in the West following the upheaval of the s.
In , Central America faced an upheaval and political dismay; especially in Guatemala.
The right-wing coup played a vital role in overthrowing power after what was deemed as flawed election process. Impacts of U.S. Foreign Policy and Intervention on Guatemala: Midth Century Patricia M. Plantamura University of South Florida, "Impacts of U.S.
Foreign Policy and Intervention on Guatemala: Midth Century" ().Graduate Theses and Dissertations.
U.S. Political Leadersh ip and Alternate. I address these and other related topics in my master’s thesis, “Masculinity, Gender, and Power in a Mayan-Kaqchikel Community in Sololá, Guatemala,” written in as part of my degree in Latin American Studies at The University of Texas at Austin through the Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS).
Guatemala has a long history of violence, political instability, and foreign corporations exploiting the country’s natural and economic resources. There’s a .