Management information system MIS refers to a larger infrastructure, whereas information technology IT is one component of that infrastructure that is used for collecting and transmitting data. For example, IT could be a particular interface that helps users input data into a corporate MIS operation. The particular goals of a particular IT application can fit neatly into a larger MIS framework; the reverse is not necessarily true.
With a good MIS support, the management of marketing, finance, production and personnel becomes more efficient, the tracking and monitoring the functional targets becomes easy. The functional managers are informed about the progress, achievements and shortfalls in the activity and the targets.
The manager is kept alert by providing certain information indicating the probable trends in the various aspects of business. This helps in forecasting and long-term perspective planning. The manager'' attention is brought to a situation which is exceptional in nature, inducing him to take an action or a decision in the matter.
A disciplined information reporting system creates a structured database and a knowledge base for all the people in the organization.
The information is available in such a form that it can be used straight away or by blending and analysis, saving the manager's valuable time. The MIS creates another impact in the organization which relates to the understanding of the business itself.
The MIS begins with the definition of a data entity and its attributes. It uses a dictionary of data, entity and attributes, respectively, designed for information generation in the organization.
Since all the information systems use the dictionary, there is common understanding of terms and terminology in the organization bringing clarity in the communication and a similar understanding of an event in the organization.
The MIS calls for a systemization of the business operations for an effective system design. This leads to streamlining of the operations which complicate the system design.
It improves the administration of the business by bringing a discipline in its operations everybody is required to follow and use systems and procedures. This process brings a high degree of professionalism in the business operations.
Since the goals and objective of the MIS are the products of business goals and objectives, it helps indirectly to pull the entire organization in one direction towards the corporate goals and objectives by providing the relevant information to the people in the organization.
A well designed system with a focus on the manager makes an impact on the managerial efficiency. The fund of information motivates an enlightened manager to use a variety of tools of the management.
It helps him to resort to such exercises as experimentation and modeling. The use of computers enables him to use the tools and techniques which are impossible to use manually.
The ready-made packages make this task simpler. The impact is on the managerial ability to perform. It improves the decision making ability considerably.Comments from Schools Takoma Park Maryland Library, Takoma Park, Maryland, USA The room in which I spend most of my time has 10 computers, and elementary and middle school students stop by daily after school to use them.
Management Information System, often referred to simply as MIS, is a planned system of collecting, storing, and disseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management.
Start studying MIS Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. AN OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM DEFINITION OF MIS: A Management Information System is Major Functional subsystem Some typical uses Marketing Sales forecasting, sales planning, customer and sales analysis Strategic planning Formulation of objectives and strategic.
3 Fig: RELATION OF ACTIVITIES . Conversely, MIS begins with a focused purpose; it addresses the needs of business management. IT supports and informs the methods of reaching MIS objectives. IT supports and informs the methods of. Prepared By: Hardeep Singh Definition • A Management Information System is an integrated user-machine system, for providing information, to support the operations, management, analysis & decision-making functions in an organization.