However, there have been massive mangrove losses particularly during the ss periods. Most of these losses can be attributed to conversion to aquaculture ponds particularly in the provinces of Pangasinan and Iloilo.
You will find ten articles about a variety of subjects, written by Dutch water professionals on the basis of thorough research. Repeated appeals and a personal approach have resulted in sufficient proposals for articles in order to enable the editorial board to make this selection.
The board mainly looked at a clear relation with the daily practice in the water sector.
Research, results and findings must be new and produce articles which present new knowledge, insights and techniques with a view to a practical application.
This edition also offers a wide range of subjects: The publication of Water Matters is made possible by prominent players in the Dutch water sector. With the publication of Water Matters, the participating organizations wish to make new, applicable water knowledge accessible.
You can also read Water Matters in digital form at H2O-online www. This publication is also available as a digital magazine in the English language via the same website or via www.
The English publication is partly made possible by the Netherlands Water Partnership NWPthe network of approximately collaborating public and private organizations in the area of water.
The articles in English can also be shared from the digital magazine at H2O-online. Furthermore, articles from previous editions can be found on the site.
We hope you enjoy reading this edition. If you have any comments, please let us know via redactie h2owaternetwerk. There is a sustainable solution, where precipitation excess during the winter period is utilized as optimally as possible by storing the water underground.
In saline groundwater environments with a large water demand, such as the Westland, greenhouse horticulture uses rainwater as its primary water source.
However, the storage capacity in aboveground reservoirs is generally insufficient for effectively collecting all the rainwater from wet periods. This brackish water extraction and concentrate disposal has the risk that the salination of the groundwater will be reinforced and is for that reason under pressure in terms of policy.
In less saline areas, underground storage of winter precipitation excess offers a sustainable alternative. The excess precipitation from greenhouse roofs is infiltrated and stored via wells in the underground.
In periods of shortage this water is recovered. This technique is known by the name of aquifer storage and recovery ASR. In saline groundwater environments, such as the Westland, this technique can be applied to a moderate extent, because due to density differences the relatively light fresh infiltration water floats upwards during storage in the brackish aquifer.
The freshwater is therefore difficult to recover unmixed.
In this article, we present a concept where ASR and desalination of brackish groundwater by means of Reverse Osmosis RO have been combined.
The set-up was tested at a tomato grower in the Westland in order to research the practical applicability. As a result, the excess rainwater of a total of 27 hectare of greenhouse roofs became available.
An ASR system was built in order to be able to infiltrate the rain water into a sand layer at a depth of 23 to 37 m, where the ambient groundwater was brackish approx. The ASR system was fed with the water that would otherwise be discharged unused from the rainwater reservoirs of the horticulturalist.The South African Journal of African Languages is a peer-reviewed research journal devoted to the advancement of African (Bantu) and Khoe-San languages and literatures.
Papers, book reviews and polemic contributions of a scientific nature in any of the core areas of linguistics, both theoretical (e.g. syntax, phonology, semantics) and applied (e.g. sociolinguistic topics, language teaching. Home.
Join the Terrapin Working Group. Objectives. Governance and By-laws. Officers and Regional Representatives. Bibliography.
Workshops and Meetings. Regional Initiatives and Updates. Ecological economics (also called eco-economics, ecolonomy or bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen) is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies and natural ecosystems, both intertemporally and spatially.
By treating the economy as a subsystem of Earth's larger ecosystem, and by emphasizing . impact on mangroves and reef fish because mangroves face increasing disturbance due to rises in population and tourism. In addition to the sites in Bocas del Toro, this thesis also examines global mangrove management practices, including the role that ecotourism plays in mangrove conservation.
ENVS A - Environmental Policy Thesis December 14, 2 Table of Contents Mangrove forests occur in large ranges across the world and have been documented and revered by human civilizations for thousands of years (Giri et.
al., , Kathiresan and Bingham, ).
These unique forests provide habitat for thousands of species, prevent. The Sundarbans is a network of marine streams, mud shores and mangrove forests. The salinity level is higher in the mangroves than in the freshwater swamp forests located further inland.