Early life[ edit ] James Monroe was born on April 28,in his parents' house located in a wooded area of Westmoreland County, Virginia. The marked site is one mile from the unincorporated community known today as Monroe Hall, Virginia. His father Spence Monroe — was a moderately prosperous planter who also practiced carpentry. His mother Elizabeth Jones — married Spence Monroe in and they had five children:
Constitution Throughout the s, Madison advocated for reform of the Articles of Confederation. He became increasingly worried about the disunity of the states and the weakness of the central government after the end of the Revolutionary War in After winning election to another term in Congress, Madison helped convince the other Congressmen to authorize the Philadelphia Convention for the purposes of proposing new amendments.
But Madison had come to believe that the ineffectual Articles had to be superseded by a new constitution, and he began preparing for a convention that would propose an entirely new constitution.
Reflecting the centralization of power envisioned by Madison, the Virginia Plan granted the United States Senate the power to abrogate any law passed by state governments.
Nonetheless, with the assent of prominent attendees such as Washington and Benjamin Franklinthe delegates went into a secret session to consider a new constitution.
William Pierce wrote that " In the management of every great question he evidently took the lead in the Convention The historian Clinton Rossiter regarded Madison's performance as "a combination of learning, experience, purpose, and imagination that not even Adams or Jefferson could have equaled.
However, delegates from small states successfully argued for more power for state governments and presented the New Jersey Plan as an alternative.
In response, Roger Sherman proposed the Connecticut Compromisewhich sought to balance the interests of small and large states. During the course of the convention, the Council of Revision was jettisoned, each state was given equal representation in the Senate, and the state legislatures, rather than the House of Representatives, were given the power to elect members of the Senate.
Madison was able to convince his fellow delegates to have the Constitution ratified by ratifying conventions rather than state legislatures, which he distrusted.
He also helped ensure that the President of the United States would have the ability to veto federal laws and would be elected independently of Congress through the Electoral College.
By the end of the convention, Madison believed that the federal government would be too weak under the proposed constitution but he viewed the document as an improvement on the Articles of Confederation.
Even many delegates who shared Madison's goal of strengthening the central government reacted strongly against the extreme change to the status quo envisioned in the Virginia Plan.
Though Madison lost most of his battles over how to amend the Virginia Plan, in the process he increasingly shifted the debate away from a position of pure state sovereignty.
Since most disagreements over what to include in the constitution were ultimately disputes over the balance of sovereignty between the states and national government, Madison's influence was critical. Wood notes that Madison's ultimate contribution was not in designing any particular constitutional framework, but in shifting the debate toward a compromise of "shared sovereignty" between the national and state governments.
He convinced his fellow Congressman to allow each state vote upon the Constitution as formulated by the Philadelphia Convention, and remain neutral in the ratification debate.
Under the pseudonym Publius, Hamilton, Madison, and John Jay wrote 85 essays in the span of six months, with Madison writing 29 of the essays.
The articles were also published in book form and became a virtual debater's handbook for the supporters of the Constitution in the ratifying conventions. Historian Clinton Rossiter called The Federalist Papers "the most important work in political science that ever has been written, or is likely ever to be written, in the United States.
When the Virginia Ratifying Convention began on June 2,the Constitution had not yet been ratified by the required nine states. New York, the second largest state and a bastion of anti-federalism, would likely not ratify it without Virginia, and Virginia's exclusion from the new government would disqualify George Washington from being the first president.The Lowell Historical Society maintains numerous collections of writings, documents and photographs which are open for public research.
The collections are comprised of the Society's original archives as well as those of the Lowell Museum. James Monroe (/ m ə n ˈ r oʊ /; April 28, – July 4, ) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth President of the United States from to He is perhaps best known for his foreign policy principle, known as the "Monroe Doctrine", disallowing further European colonization of the Americas beginning in Monroe was the last president of the.
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Below is an essay on "James Monroe" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. James Monroe He was the fifth president of the United States () and the last of the so-called Virginia dynasty of U.S. presidents/5(1). Population estimates underpin demographic and epidemiological research and are used to track progress on numerous international indicators of health and development.
"Monroe Hill", research and film, was made possible with the award of The Jefferson Trust, in collaboration with Brown College, the Curry School of Education, and Ash .