How to write a good engineering literature review

Consultation Make an appointment with a staff member at the Learning Centre for more specific advice or questions. Contact us How do I write a literature review? As part of a thesis, the literature review enables you to demonstrate your knowledge of previous work in your field and to situate your own research in the context of this work. The literature review may form one or more distinct chapters of the thesis it may also be part of the introductory chapter or be incorporated as background for a number of chapters.

How to write a good engineering literature review

Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.

However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Identify the literature that you will review: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.

Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members.

Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search: Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.

The importance of a literature review

You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract.

Redefine your topic if needed: Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic.

Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases. You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.

You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories e.

Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks.

You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e. Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards.

Be consistent in how you record notes. Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.

The rule I follow is to quote only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making.

Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.

how to write a good engineering literature review

Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing.

Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions the author's opinion and actual research findings derived from empirical evidence. Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.

This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.

What is a literature review?

Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.

Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.

Identify relationships among studies:1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.

dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.

What is a literature review? Students are often unsure of how to write a literature review. This is usually because, unlike other stages of a thesis such as Methods and Results, they have never written a literature review before.

Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students. What is a literature review? What purpose does it serve in research? What should you expect when writing one? Find out here Video tag not supported.

Download the video here. Transcript to this video. Credits.

1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews . Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students. What is a literature review? What purpose does it serve in research? What should you expect when writing one? Find out here Video tag not supported. Download the video here. Transcript to this video. Credits. Eleanor Smith.

Eleanor Smith. Nov 09,  · How do I write a literature review? As part of a thesis, the literature review enables you to demonstrate your knowledge of previous work in your field and to situate your own research in the context of this work.

The literature review may form one or more distinct chapters of the thesis it may also be part of the introductory chapter or be incorporated as background for a number of chapters.

Writing a Literature Review As an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic.

If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional.

How to Write a Literature Review: Tips, Example, Outline, Template - EliteEssayWriters

How to Write a Literature Review. You should have a good list of high-quality studies or different articles supporting your subject. To help you come up with the best result, here are some ideas on how to write a literature review.

In order to write a meaningful literature review, you have to come up with a clear classification of the.

Literature Reviews - Engineering Communication Program | Engineering Communication Program