Early life[ edit ] A portrait of Donne as a young man, c. Donne's father was a respected Roman Catholic who avoided unwelcome government attention out of fear of persecution. John Syminges, a wealthy widower with three children, a few months after Donne's father died.
Today this 3, square mile range, partly located in the desolate Jornada del Muerto Valley, is named the White Sands Missile Range and is actively used for non-nuclear weapons testing. Before the war the range was mostly public and private grazing land that had always been sparsely populated.
During the war it was even more lonely and deserted because the ranchers had agreed to vacate their homes in January They left because the War Department wanted the land to use as an artillery and bombing practice area.
In Septembera remote 18 by 24 square mile portion of the north- east corner of the Bombing Range was set aside for the Manhattan Project and the Trinity test by the military. The selection of this remote location in the Jornada del Muerto Valley for the Trinity test was Holy sonnet 2 john donne an initial list of eight possible test sites.
Besides the Jornada, three of the other seven sites were also located in New Mexico: Other possible sites not located in New Mexico were: Based on a number of criteria that included availability, distance from Los Alamos, good weather, few or no settlements, and that no Indian land would be used, the choices for the test site were narrowed down to two in the summer of First choice was the military training area in southern California.
Groves, the military head of the Manhattan Project.
When General Groves discovered that in order to use the California location he would need the permission of its commander, General George Patton, Groves quickly decided on the second choice, the Jornada del Muerto. This was because General Groves did not want anything to do with the flamboyant Patton, who Groves had once described as "the most disagreeable man I had ever met.
Plus, the Jornada enjoyed relatively good weather. The history of the Jornada is in itself quite fascinating, since it was given its name by the Spanish conquerors of New Mexico. Then the trail followed the river valley further north to a point where the river curved to the west, and its valley narrowed and became impassable for the supply wagons.
To avoid this obstacle, the wagons took the dubious detour north across the Jornada del Muerto.
Sixty miles of desert, very little water, and numerous hostile Apaches. Hence the name Jornada del Muerto, which is often translated as the journey of death or as the route of the dead man.
It is also interesting to note that in the late 16th century, the Spanish considered their province of New Mexico to include most of North America west of the Mississippi! The origin of the code name Trinity for the test site is also interesting, but the true source is unknown.
One popular account attributes the name to J.
Robert Oppenheimer, the scientific head of the Manhattan Project. According to this version, the well read Oppenheimer based the name Trinity on the fourteenth Holy Sonnet by John Donne, a 16th century English poet and sermon writer. The sonnet started, "Batter my heart, three-personed God.
Henderson told Szasz that the name Trinity came from Major W. According to Henderson, he and Stevens were at the test site discussing the best way to haul Jumbo see below the thirty miles from the closest railway siding to the test site.
However, final preparations for the test, which included the assembly of the bomb's plutonium core, did not begin in earnest until Thursday, July The abandoned George McDonald ranch house located two miles south of the test site served as the assembly point for the device's core.
After assembly, the plutonium core was transported to Trinity Site to be inserted into the thing or gadget as the atomic device was called. But, on the first attempt to insert the core it stuck! After letting the temperatures of the core and the gadget equalize, the core fit perfectly to the great relief of all present.
The completed device was raised to the top of a foot steel tower on Saturday, July During this process workers piled up mattresses beneath the gadget to cushion a possible fall. When the bomb reached the top of the tower without mishap, installation of the explosive detonators began.
The foot tower a surplus Forest Service fire-watch tower was designated Point Zero. Ground Zero was at the base of the tower.
As a result of all the anxiety surrounding the possibility of a failure of the test, a verse by an unknown author circulated around Los Alamos.
From this crude lab that spawned a dud. Their necks to Truman's ax uncurled Lo, the embattled savants stood, and fired the flop heard round the world. Yields from 45, tons of TNT to zero were selected by the various bettors. The Nobel Prize-winning physicist Enrico Fermi was willing to bet anyone that the test would wipe out all life on Earth, with special odds on the mere destruction of the entire State of New Mexico!
Meanwhile back at the test site, technicians installed seismographic and photographic equipment at varying distances from the tower.
Other instruments were set up for recording radioactivity, temperature, air pressure, and similar data needed by the project scientists.If you print or download from this site, please consider making at least a $ donation through PayPal.
Sandra Effinger [email protected] DropBox Access -- Binder from summer workshops ( pages), various lists and handouts housed on my r etired AP English page have been migrated. An invitation will be issued to $ donors. Some of the persons who studied with Eli Siegel came to write poems that he was able to say were true poetry.
And his criterion in looking at a poem by a contemporary was the same as that with which he looked at a poem by John Donne or Li Po or Baudelaire: Did the person see, and express what he or she saw, with such a fullness of sincerity that the permanent opposites of reality are musically.
read poems by this poet. William Shakespeare was born on April 23, , in Stratford-upon-Avon. The son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden, he was probably educated at the King Edward VI Grammar School in Stratford, where he learned Latin and a little Greek and read the Roman dramatists.
The Poems of John Donne: Edited by E. K. Chambers: With an Introduction by George Saintsbury: This expertly edited two-volume edition of the master of metaphysical poetry features modernized spellings and extensive notes. Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and arteensevilla.com John Milton's Sonnet 16 - John Milton's Sonnet 16 In his sonnets, John Milton tackles a number of subjects which he addresses at considerably greater length in his other poetry and prose.