A discussion of art as a mathematical endeavor

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A discussion of art as a mathematical endeavor

When referring to specific legal definitions, I will use the legislated terms. Those are also huge issues that require separate posts.

Status versus Membership Status is a legal definition, used to refer to native peoples who are under federal jurisdiction. The particular piece of federal legislation that defines Status is the Indian Actwhich was created in and has been updated many times since then.

Status then can be held only by those native peoples who fit the definition laid out in the Indian Act. Membership is a much more complex issue. It can refer to a set of rules traditional or not created by a native community, that define who is a member of that community.

It can also refer to those who are considered members of certain regional or national native organisations. It can be used in a much less formal and subjective sense, such as being part of an urban or rural native group.

Obviously these definitions will overlap at times. The most important thing to note is that having membership is not the same as having status. I am not a Status Indian. The term Aboriginal came into legal existence in when it was defined in section 35 of the Constitution Act, It is a general, catch all term that has gained legal status in Canada, and therefore is particular to the Canadian context.

It is widely used internationally, however. The definitions have been fleshed out in legislation, in court decisions, and in policy manuals and have changed significantly over the years. Thus you will see these terms used in different ways depending on how old your sources is, or what period of time is being discussed and so on.

Status Status Indians are persons who, under the Indian Act are registered or are entitled to be registered as Indians.

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Status Indians are able to access certain programs and services which are not available to other Aboriginal peoples. Does this seem like a vague definition? It is incredibly detailed and confusing. The definitions have changed many times over the years.

If you want to read more on this issue, this page gives a great overview of pre and post definitions as well as explaining some of the more shocking aspects of the Indian Act over time. Bill C and Status There were various federal policies over the years that caused Status Indians to be removed from the Indian roll.

Some lost Status when they earned a university degree, joined the Army or the priesthood, gained fee simple title of land, or married a non-Indian this last one applied only to women. Bill C was passed in as an amendment to the Indian Act, and was intended to reinstate Status for those who had lost it.

In particular the Bill was supposed to reverse sexual discrimination that had cause Indian women who married non-Indians to lose their Status while men who married non-Indian woman not only kept their Status, but also passed Status on to their non-Indian wives.

The legislation does not specifically refer to any sort of blood quantum, therefore there is no official policy that would take into account half or quarter Indian ancestry.

Nonetheless, ancestry continues to be a determining factor in who is a Status Indian. Both categories provide full Status; there is no such thing as half Status. The categories determine whether the children of a Status Indian will have Status or not. This might be a good time to get a coffee, because this next bit is always confusing for people.

A 6 1 Indian who marries a 6 1 or a 6 2 Indian will have 6 1 children. If two 6 2 Indians marry, they will have children with 6 1 Status. A 6 1 Indian who marries anyone without Status whether that person is Aboriginal or not will have children who have 6 2 Status.

A 6 2 Indian who marries anyone without Status whether that person is Aboriginal or not will have children with no legal Indian Status. Look at this chart again. That is all it takes to completely lose Status. It does not matter if you raise your grandchildren in your native culture.

It does not matter if they speak your language and know your customs. If you married someone without Status, and your grandchildren have a non-Status parent, your grandchildren are not considered Indian any longer.

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